What does this data mean?

When you draw power from the grid your scope 2 emissions (emissions as a result of the power you use)  are proportional to the emissions from the grid. Our aim is to help people and businesses have a better understanding of the impact power consumption has on our net zero targets.

What you can see at is near real time emissions of our eastern and southern states power grids. As well as the power generated and the emissions intensity at any given moment in time.

What does using this data mean for me or my business?

For individuals we hope that getting a look at the massive swings in emissions intensity for power usage encourage some better choices around the home.

For businesses we hope to give you the opportunity to communicate more transparently within your business and your customers about your scope 2 emissions. CARBONEM is actual emissions in real time allowing:

  • Instant feedback on scope 2 abatement strategies.
  • Weekly and Monthly up to date scope 2 emissions reports on location and market based approaches.
  • Daily tracking on your product scope 2 emissions intensity KPI’s
  • Informed choice on the location specific impact of each business unit.
  • Accurate data to benchmark the impact of renewable energy projects and power purchase agreements on your current scope 2 emissions impact.
  • Methodology more accurate than current GHG Protocol scope 2 emissions averages

For businesses this data represents the end quarterly reporting for scope 2 emissions and an informed business making deliberate choices on how to operate and how it impacts their emissions.

Things don’t look right all the time?

We are developing quickly and sometimes that means we make mistakes, we know our data is correct 98% of the time and rest assured we are striving for 100% by the end of the year. Please sign up for updates to know when our data is certified.

Get Updates or Contact us for any specific questions

Power Draw Data Sourced from OpenNEM

Scope 1

Direct emissions from sources owned or controlled by an individual or company. For example, if your business sells a product which has parts that are made overseas, that product’s Scope 1 emissions are

  • The emissions from the manufacturing of each of the parts, plus
  • The emissions from the transport to get the parts to you, plus
  • The emissions from your business assembling/customizing the product

Scope 2

Indirect emissions from purchased electricity, steam, heat, and cooling. In the example above, your Scope 2 emissions would be those produced in generating the electricity that was used to manufacture and assemble the product.

Scope 3

All other emissions associated with an individual’s or company’s activities. In our example, this would be the emissions produced in the manufacturing of all the appliances used, your business office or warehouse, and even your transport emissions. As you can appreciate, Scope 3 emissions tend to be more nebulous, difficult to calculate accurately, and will often account for more significant carbon emissions than Scopes 1 and 2 combined.



The Australian Energy Market Operator (AEMO) was established by the Council of Australian Governments (COAG) on 1 July 2009 to manage the National Electricity Market (NEM) in the eastern and south-eastern states and Australian gas markets. Find out more about AEMO here. Climate Change: long-term shifts in temperatures and weather patterns. Such shifts can be natural, due to changes in the sun’s activity or large volcanic eruptions. But since the 1800s, human activities have been the main driver of climate change, primarily due to the burning of fossil fuels like coal, oil and gas. More information here.


The NEM is one of the largest interconnected electricity systems in the world. It covers around 40,000 km of transmission lines and cables, supplying around 9 million customers. The NEM is also the wholesale market through which generators and retailers trade electricity in Australia. It interconnects the six eastern and southern states and territories and delivers around 80% of all electricity consumption in Australia. Western Australia and the Northern Territory are not connected to the NEM. They have their own electricity systems and separate regulatory arrangements. Find out more about the NEM here.


Scope 1 and 2

Scope 1 and 2 emissions can be straightforward to calculate for individuals, but more complicated and significant for companies, which will be regulated strictly in the years to come. More information about this (albeit from a US standpoint) here.


A project funded by Energy Consumers Australia (an advocacy group), and the University of Melbourne’s Climate and Energy College. It aims to make the wealth of public National Electricity Market (NEM) data more accessible to a wider audience. More about the project and it’s leaders here and see all the data here.

Greenhouse Gases

Greenhouse gases, like Carbon dioxide, methane, ozone, nitrous oxide, chlorofluorocarbons, and water vapor. Greenhouse gases are part of Earth’s atmosphere and help keep it habitable by humans. However, in the last century, human activities, primarily from burning fossil fuels that have led to the release of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases into the atmosphere, have disrupted Earth’s energy balance. This has led to an increase in carbon dioxide in the atmosphere and ocean. The level of carbon dioxide in Earth’s atmosphere has been rising consistently for decades and traps extra heat near Earth’s surface, causing temperatures to rise.


a passion project from Interlate. We have used (within license) the open data from


The Australian Energy Market Operator. They manage electricity and gas systems and markets across Australia, helping to ensure Australians have access to affordable, secure and reliable energy.

Useful Links

What is the safeguard mechanism and why should you care?

Safeguard Mechanism decision explainer

What are the GHG protocols?

We will use these and other calculations to find out the accurate emissions for your business.